June 9, 2012


Competition Commission of India updates M&A Regulations-2012


“The Competition Commission of India (Procedure in regard to the transaction of business relating to combinations) Regulations, 2011 as amended up to 23rd February, 2012”
Shall come into force: 1st June 2012.
Time period: Commences from date of receipt of notice in Form II. If the requisite details are not available for any of the columns in Form I or Form II, the date on which they may be submitted should be clearly indicated against those columns, by the parties to the combination.
Date of notice: Person who proposes to enter into a combination, within thirty (30) days of approval of merger or any agreement in relation to combination. And No combination shall come into effect until two hundred and ten days (210) have passed from the day on which the notice has been given to the Commission or the Commission has passed orders under section 31, whichever is earlier.
Exception: Categories of combinations mentioned in Schedule I are ordinarily not likely to cause an appreciable adverse effect on competition in India. Notice under sub-section (2) of section 6 of the Act need not normally be filed.
Process of Application: Any enterprise which proposes to enter into a combination shall give notice of such combination to the Commission in accordance with sub-section (2) of section 6 of the Act:
·         Shall ordinarily be filed in Form I as specified in schedule II to these regulations, filled, and verified with proper fees by parties.
Parties May fill Form II where:
(a) the parties to the combination are engaged in production, supply, distribution, storage, sale or trade of similar or identical or substitutable goods or provision of similar or identical or substitutable services and the combined market share of the parties to the combination after such combination is more than fifteen percent (15%) in the relevant market ;
(b) the parties to the combination are engaged at different stages or levels of the production chain in different markets, in respect of production, supply, distribution, storage, sale or trade in goods or provision of services, and their individual or combined market share is more than twenty five percent (25%) in the relevant market.
Filing of details of acquisition under sub-section (5) of section 6 of the Act.-
(1) The details of acquisition by a public financial institution, foreign institutional investor, bank or venture capital fund, pursuant to any covenant of a loan or investment agreement, shall be filed without any fee in Form III, along with a certified copy of the loan agreement or investment agreement.
The duly filled in and verified Form III, along with two copies and electronic version shall be delivered to the Commission at the address published on its official website.
Failure to file notice.-
Where the parties to a combination fail to file notice Commission may upon its own knowledge or information relating to such combination, inquire into whether such a combination has caused or is likely to cause an appreciable adverse effect on competition within India.
Where the Commission decides to commence an inquiry, the Commission, without prejudice to any penalty which may be imposed or any prosecution which may be initiated under this Act, shall direct the parties to the combination to file notice in Form II. The notice, referred to in sub-regulation (2), shall be filed, within 30 days of receipt of communication from the Commission, by the parties to the combination.
In case of a merger or an amalgamation, parties to the combination shall jointly file the notice in Form I or Form II.
Fees:
Where the notice is filed in Form I, the fee payable shall be rupees ten lakhs (Rs. 10, 00,000)
Where the notice is filed in Form II, the fee payable shall be rupees forty lakhs (Rs. 40,00,000) only.
Procedure:
Notice (Form I or Form II)
A summary of the combination, not containing any confidential information, in not less than 2000 words: having
1. The values of assets/turnover
2. The respective markets in which the parties to the combination operate
3. Details of agreement(s)/other documents and the board resolution 
4. The nature and purpose of the combination
5. The likely impact of the combination on the state of the competition in the relevant market(s) in which the parties to the combination operate along with 9 copis and electronic version.
Prima facie opinion on the combination:
The Commission shall form its prima facie opinion under sub-section (1) of section 29 of the Act, on the notice filed in Form I or Form II, as the case may be, as to whether the combination is likely to cause or has caused an appreciable adverse effect on competition within the relevant market in India, within thirty days of receipt of the said notice.
                                  “Combination: Section 5 of Competition Act 2002”
The acquisition of one or more enterprises by one or more persons or merger or amalgamation of enterprises shall be a combination of such enterprises and persons or enterprises, if—
(a) Any acquisition where—
(i) the parties to the acquisition, being the acquirer and the enterprise, whose control, shares, voting rights or assets have been acquired or are being acquired jointly have,—
     (A) Either, in India, the assets of the value of more than rupees one thousand crores or turnover more than rupees three thousand crores; or
    (B) in India or outside India, in aggregate, the assets of the value of more than five hundred million US dollars, including at least rupees five hundred crores in India, or turnover more than fifteen hundred million US dollars, including at least rupees fifteen hundred crores in India; or]
(ii) the group, to which the enterprise whose control, shares, assets or voting rights have been acquired or are being acquired, would belong after the acquisition, jointly have or would jointly have,—
    (A) Either in India, the assets of the value of more than rupees four thousand crores or turnover more than rupees twelve thousand crores; or
    (B) In India or outside India, in aggregate, the assets of the value of more than two billion US dollars, including at least rupees five hundred crores in India, or turnover more than six billion US dollars, including at least rupees fifteen hundred crores in India; or]
(b) Acquiring of control by a person over an enterprise when such person has already direct or indirect control over another enterprise engaged in production, distribution or trading of a similar or identical or substitutable goods or provision of a similar or identical or substitutable service, if—
(i) the enterprise over which control has been acquired along with the enterprise over which the acquirer already has direct or indirect control jointly have,—
(A) Either in India, the assets of the value of more than rupees one thousand crores or turnover more than rupees three thousand crores; or
(B) In India or outside India, in aggregate, the assets of the value of more than five hundred million US dollars, including at least rupees five hundred crores in India, or turnover more than fifteen hundred million US dollars, including at least rupees fifteen hundred crores in India; or]
(ii) The group, to which enterprise whose control has been acquired, or is being acquired, would belong after the acquisition, jointly have or would jointly have,—
(A) Either in India, the assets of the value of more than rupees four thousand crores or turnover more than rupees twelve thousand crores; or
(B) In India or outside India, in aggregate, the assets of the value of more than two billion US dollars, including at least rupees five hundred crores in India, or turnover more than six billion US dollars, including at least rupees fifteen hundred crores in India; or]
(b) Acquiring of control by a person over an enterprise when such person has already direct or indirect control over another enterprise engaged in production, distribution or trading of a similar or identical or substitutable goods or provision of a similar or identical or substitutable service, if—
(i) The enterprise over which control has been acquired along with the enterprise over which the acquirer already has direct or indirect control jointly have,—
(A) Either in India, the assets of the value of more than rupees one thousand crores or turnover more than rupees three thousand crores; or
(B) In India or outside India, in aggregate, the assets of the value of more than five hundred million US dollars, including at least rupees five hundred crores in India, or turnover more than fifteen hundred million US dollars, including at least rupees fifteen hundred crores in India; or]
(ii) The group, to which enterprise whose control has been acquired, or is being acquired, would belong after the acquisition, jointly have or would jointly have,—
(A) Either in India, the assets of the value of more than rupees four thousand crores or turnover more than rupees twelve thousand crores; or
(B) in India or outside India, in aggregate, the assets of the value of more than two billion US dollars, including at least rupees five hundred crores in India, or turnover more than six billion US dollars, including at least rupees fifteen hundred crores in India; or]
(c) any merger or amalgamation in which—
(i) the enterprise remaining after merger or the enterprise created as a result of the amalgamation, as the case may be, have,—
      (A) Either in India, the assets of the value of more than rupees one thousand crores or turnover more than rupees three thousand crores; or
(B) In India or outside India, in aggregate, the assets of the value of more than five hundred million US dollars, including at least rupees five hundred crores in India, or turnover more than fifteen hundred million US dollars, including at least rupees fifteen hundred crores in India; or]
(ii) The group, to which the enterprise remaining after the merger or the enterprise created as a result of the amalgamation, would belong after the merger or the amalgamation, as the case may be, have or would have,—
(A) either in India, the assets of the value of more than rupees four-thousand crores or turnover more than rupees twelve thousand crores; or
(B) in India or outside India, in aggregate, the assets of the value of more than two billion US dollars, including at least rupees five hundred crores in India, or turnover more than six billion US dollars, including at least rupees fifteen hundred crores in India;]
Explanation.— For the purposes of this section,—
(a) "Control" includes controlling the affairs or management by—
(i) One or more enterprises, either jointly or singly, over another enterprise or group;
(ii) One or more groups, either jointly or singly, over another group or enterprise;
(b) "Group" means two or more enterprises which, directly or indirectly, are in a position to —
(i) Exercise twenty-six per cent. or more of the voting rights in the other enterprise; or
(ii) Appoint more than fifty per cent. of the members of the board of directors in the other enterprise; or
(iii) Control the management or affairs of the other enterprise;
(c) The value of assets shall be determined by taking the book value of the assets as shown, in the audited books of account of the enterprise, in the financial year immediately preceding the financial year in which the date of proposed merger falls, as reduced by any depreciation, and the value of assets shall include the brand value, value of goodwill, or value of copyright, patent, permitted use, collective mark, registered proprietor, registered trade mark, registered user, homonymous geographical indication, geographical indications, design or layout design or similar other commercial rights, if any, referred to in sub-section (5) of section 3.

No comments: